STEM orientation

STEM orientation: what it means and why it’s important. 

The STEM acronym stands for: 

S = Science 

T = Technology 

E = Engineering 

M = Mathematics 

These four interconnected disciplines form a crucial foundation for understanding the world around us and promoting technological innovation. The term was coined in 2001 by Rita Colwell, an American microbiologist, during a conference of the National Science Foundation (NSF). 

STEM disciplines include Science (Biology, Chemistry, Physics, Environmental Sciences, Neuroscience, Scientific Research), Technology (Software Development, Cybersecurity, Data Science, Data Analysis, Artificial Intelligence, Software Engineering), Engineering (Automation Engineering, Civil Engineering, Mechanical Engineering, Electrical Engineering, Aerospace Engineering, Chemical Engineering), and Mathematics (Statistics, Data Analysis, Applied Mathematics, Operations Research). 

These disciplines form the foundation of educational courses that prepare students to face the dynamic job market, from primary education to university. 

Since 2015, the European Commission has emphasized the importance of scientific and technological education at all levels, contributing to shaping an active citizenship. STEM plays a crucial role in technological innovations, driving social progress. By encouraging problem-solving, STEM studies teach students to critically analyse situations and seek solutions based on scientific data. 

Careers in STEM are increasingly in demand globally, with companies seeking qualified professionals to lead innovation, research, and technological development. The impacts of STEM also extend to society, contributing to the discovery of new drugs, the development of sustainable infrastructures, and progress in artificial intelligence and learning. 

Learn more about STEM summer courses in Milan on the dedicated courses page